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Complete Sacral Spina Bifida

Justin Hallock, Ankita Kumar, Koichi Watanabe, Mohammadali M. Shoja, Marios Loukas, R. Shane Tubbs


Spina bifida occulta is found in 10-30% of the population and most commonly at L5. Such bony malunions are usually asymptomatic but may rarely be associated with neurological sequelae. Most rare is complete spina bifida of the sacrum. Herein we discuss the characteristics and potential clinical/surgical issues regarding this dysembryology. Two cases of complete malunion of the posterior elements of the sacrum are discussed.


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