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Author Guidelines

Biomedicine International adheres to the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals ( Authors are encouraged to register through the journal website and submit their manuscripts online. The initial review is expected to take no more than 3 weeks. A cover letter indicating that the authors have full responsibility for the submission and that the manuscript is not under simultaneous considerations elsewhere should be submitted together with the manuscript.

The manuscript must be prepared and submitted in Microsoft Word Format. Original articles should contain Title page, Abstract, Introduction, Methods and Materials, Results, Discussion, Conclusion and References. Each section should appear on a separate page. The source of grant must be acknowledged following conclusion. Other manuscript types may include specific sections necessary for the type of submission. Case reports should include a short abstract, not exceeding 200 words.

The submissions for "Annotated Images" section should present original images (photographs, illustrations or radiographs) with a brief description (<600 words and <10 references) and should reflect an unusual presentation or typical presentation of common and rare entities with the potential to be used in clinical practice and education. Photographs, either black and white or colored, should be submitted in either jpeg or tiff format with a resolution of at least 300 dpi. A typical submission should contain a Title page, Image(s), Description and References. Annotated Images should not have an abstract.

The full name of all authors, their highest academic degrees, affiliations and contact information of the corresponding author (name, address, phone/fax number and email) should be provided in the title page.

Figures and Tables should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals (Figure 1, Figure 2; Table 1, Table 2; etc.) and placed within the manuscript, not at the end. Each Figure should have a descriptive caption, and Tables should each have a brief title. Photographs, either black and white or colored, should be numbered as for other Figures and should be submitted in either jpeg or tiff format with a resolution of at least 300 dpi. Maximum care must be taken to ensure that the patient and his/her identity cannot be recognized in any of the submitted Figures.

The references should be numbered in the order of their appearance, and cited in text with numerical superscripts. The name of all authors should be given if there are six or less authors. Otherwise, list the first six followed by "et al". References should be styled as follows:

Journal articles

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Shokouhi G, Loukas M, Ghabili K, Ansarin K. The potential role of carbon dioxide in the neuroimmunoendocrine changes following cerebral ischemia. Life Sci 2008; 83: 381-387.

Tubbs RS, Dockery SE, Salter G, Elton S, Blount JP, Grabb PA, et al. Absence of the falx cerebelli in a Chiari II malformation. Clin Anat. 2002; 15: 193-95.


Ewald PW. Evolution of Infectious Disease. New York, Oxford University Press, 1994: pp 185-192.

Book chapters

Cook H. From the scientific revolution to the germ theory. In: Loudon I (Ed.). Western Medicine: An Illustrated History. New York, Oxford University Press, 1997: pp. 80-101.


Interim WHO guidance for the surveillance of human infection with swine influenza A(H1N1) virus. Available from: URL: Accessed May 1, 2009.


Authors are encouraged to send a list of at least two potential preferred reviewers for a manuscript at the time of its submission.  The names of the preferred reviewers should be listed in the "Comment to the Editor" box during the submission process.  The suggested reviewers should have no conflict of interest with regards to the submitted manuscript, thereby insuring an unbiased, external peer review.  The editorial office has the final decision concerning whether those suggested reviewers will be invited to evaluate the submitted manuscript.


The authors are responsible for the originality of the material and the accuracy of the content of their manuscripts. The manuscript should have not been published before either in part or in full or simultaneously submitted elsewhere. Manuscripts reporting research upon human subjects must include a statement in the Methods section that informed consent was obtained from all individuals and that the institutional board review committee approved the protocol prior to the study. Manuscripts reporting experiments upon animals must give assurance in written that animal care and handling was done based on institutional guidelines and the institutional board review also approved the protocol prior to the study. The journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and adheres to the COPE's guidelines and Codes of Conduct for Editors. Any incompliance with the ethical principles could lead to immediate retraction of the manuscript.



No material may be submitted that infringes any third party rights or existing copyrighted material. If any part of the submission (e.g., Figures, Tables, etc.) includes copyrighted materials, the original source and the name of copyright holder should be explicitly stated in the manuscript. It is the authors' sole responsibility to obtain permission for the reproduction of copyrighted materials from the copyright holder. The editors and publisher have no such responsibility.

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it under simultaneous considerations for publication by any other journal (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word file format.
  3. The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  4. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  5. The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest, or that any conflicts of interest are declared in the title page of the manuscript.
  6. All of the authors have read and agreed to the manuscript and accept full responsibility for the content and originality of the submission.
  7. The authors have complied with the ethical guidelines of their institution and have obtained appropriate written consent from all patients involved in this study. A copy of this consent will be made available to the editors if they request it.
  8. The authors affirm that none of the material contained within their manuscript infringes the rights of any third party or existing copyrights. If any part of the submission contains copyrighted material, the authors have obtained the copyright holders permission for its inclusion, and the original source and name of the copyright holder are clearly stated in the manuscript.

Copyright Notice

When submitting an article to Biomedicine International, the authors are provided with a checklist and are asked to confirm that the copyright of the article will automatically be transferred to the publisher (Biomedicine International, Inc.) upon acceptance of the manuscript. The authors have the right to use or distribute the final published article in any forum and for non-commercial purposes. Third parties may download the articles for their own personal (non-profit) use or for educational purposes. Permission for a third party to use any published material other than for not-for-profit, non-commercial purposes should be requested in writing from the Editor-in-Chief on behalf of the publisher. Any use of any published material by any party for any purpose must include acknowledgement of publication in this journal.

Privacy Statement

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